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Posts Tagged ‘philosophy’

Weber Democracy

Conquanto, for Marx the taking of conscience of the man can free it of the passivity, making possible to it a revolutionary action capable to transform the society. Each sociological theory attributed to these three thinkers possesss a different characteristic. Sociology of: Durkheim is positivista; of Marx it is would revolutionize; of Weber she is comprehensive. However, all offer a valuable contribution for the study of sociology. The necessary citizen to understand its paper ahead the organizations and of the process politician.

In this direction, a delimitation between politics and power if make necessary to reflect this question better. Expert on growth strategy is a great source of information. The power mentions the capacity to it to influence in the behavior of other people. In the not democratic governments the power is not assented, but tax for the prestige and the force of possesss who it. So that this power is not shaken it tries the cost all to destroy the opposition and the divergence of belief, opinions and customs. In the democracy according to philosopher Claude Lefort the power must be exerted transitory by somebody chosen to occupy such position. This fight for the conquest, maintenance and expansion of the power is instituted by the politics with the purpose to govern the nations.

In accordance with Marilena Chau, democracy concept estimates the diversity of opinions, the free circulation of the information and the free access to the culture. Moreover, she is necessary that all the sectors of the society can legitimately be represented. It does not have democracy without equality and freedom. The beginning of the equality it establishes the recognition of the human rights and the exercise of the citizenship. The civil society must be organized to fight the individualism and to demand right of equality by means of the education, health, of the housing, the job, the environment, etc., and to locate against all the forms of preconception and discrimination.

Salvador Boys

The omission of the State and the indifference with the social problem of the human being generate the lack of control and impunity of criminals in what it refers to the culture of the extermnio of boys of street in Brazil. For Sudbrack (2004, P. Details can be found by clicking Expert on growth strategy or emailing the administrator. 22) the extermnio of boys of street in Brazil occurs mainly in the great cities, as Rio De Janeiro, So Paulo, Salvador and Recife. In accordance with the concept adopted for United Nations and elaborated for Lusk and Mason, the expression assigns to all child (boy or girl) for which the street (in the direction amplest of the term, what it includes houses not inhabited, strips of land, for example) became its housing and/or its source of survival, and that it does not have protection, conveniently it is not watched or guided for a responsible adult. These, until then called ' ' boys of rua' ' , they present behavior not accepted socially, and if they fit between that still commit infracionais acts and the ones that its presence considered bothering in public places has, considered as a population that it brings risks for the classrooms highest of the Brazilian society. It is what Sudbrack (2004, P. 23) treats as convenient, therefore: The phenomenon of the extermnio of street boys is the result of a joint enters the groups of extermnio, of the omission and absence of defense of the children for the State, as well as of the indifference of the civil society in relation to the problem. With practical the wild one of this culture of the extermnio, the human rights widely are forgotten and the violence is banalizada by the society, bringing a bigger indifference still to the politics of public security, hindering the effectiveness them right human beings and threatening the democratic system. The State in common agreement with the society determines and commands the spectacle, a gratuitous show of repression, uncontrolled violence and desmedida, leaving definitively of side the human rights protected all and the any human being, not having in this culture distinction of age, sex and color. The hope of a possible reorganization reverse speed-socialization of these small citizens, removing them of the culture of the beggary, of small roberies, robberies and injuries to the patrimony, and reverse speed-implanting the perpetual vision, despite colorful, of the rights and individual guarantees of the human being, is to each distanciada day of the dream of Brazil with Order and Progress.

French Revolution

These discrepancies make impracticable the consensus as for the agreement of the object and of the methods of inquiry of this it disciplines. This caused the sociological chain sprouting different, which the author still cites and makes one brief communication in this related item of some of these. Now breaking for the item ' ' Chapter third: Desenvolvimento' ' , the author approaches the question of sociology as science that has focus in the distanciamento of bourgeoisie of its initial project of equality and fraternity nailed in the French Revolution and that each time more acted of form less liberal conservative and, using frequent repressive and ideological resources to guarantee the domination power. Social sciences had passed, then, to be used in the construction of the knowledge condizente the necessities of the dominant ones. Sociology also, to a large extent, started to have a character of tool of maintenance of the domination relations. Logically, determined critical pursuings of sociology, over all the influenced ones for the socialist thought, had remained guiding objects and the research of some sociologists. However, this sociology of critical intention, in good part, was ignored in the half left academic and to the edges for the research justinian codes. Of more including form, sciences, or the branches of each science, that received support and institucional incentive at this time was those capable ones to reproduce interests of the dominant ones.

I finish it item of the workmanship ' ' What it is sociology? ' ' , of Martins, &#039 is the item; ' Indications for leitura' ' , that it demonstrates the concern of the author with the readers interested in giving to continuity to the sociology studies, indicating to them some authors and books that approach such thematic one. The workmanship of Carlos Benedict Martins configures in a platform of initiation/introduction to sociology. With a simple and objective language, without extreme terms technician, its reading flows of course and it does not have great problems of understanding. It is a species of ' ' invitation to sociologia' ' , therefore the information are repassed so softly that they finish despertando the curiosity to know the subject more than. A possible imperfection, only, is in the deepening and in the great space that the author dedicates to some sociologists and philosophers, lingering itself excessively in its thoughts, in its ideologies, when it was enough that they were cited.