Tag materials

Brick: The Ideal Building Material

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There is no material as optimally suitable for the construction of houses, like a brick. Suffice it to say that the houses of brick extremely durable, very resistant to weathering. They are able to serve owner for many years. Not for nothing is in Russia, where there are severe frosts, heat waves, winds, much rain in summer and winter, building houses out of brick is widespread. Therefore, the technology of building brick homes rather developed, and experts available in sufficient quantity. The company Vostok Trans Service 'effects work on all phases of construction of houses made of brick, from the design. Possible to provide Architects, interior and landscape designer.

Why brick is a unique building material? The fact that the brick has many advantages over other materials used in construction. One of the biggest advantages – durability. That strength is taken into account in the first place when selecting a building material for houses. Marked by this characteristic letter M. A special strength has Brick labeled M100, which means that the allowable load of 100 kg/cm2. Using it you can afford the construction of a three-storey cottage.

Another good quality of brick – its frost resistance. Time service from a brick house in a high degree depends on the ability of construction material to carry frozen and then thawing without loss of properties. To mark the longevity uses the letter F. For cottages in the suburbs best suited brick marked longevity F35, which suggests that it would allow 35 cycles of freezing and thawing. With all of these properties to build homes in the suburbs is desirable to choose ceramic brick, full-bodied K 100/1/35 gost 530-95. However, the brick as a building material has some drawbacks, one of which – the low level . For this reason, the construction is sometimes used hollow bricks. It creates a wall layer from the air, preserving the heat better. But the strength of a brick home is reduced, if not significantly increase the thickness of the walls. Another way to keep warm in the house – the use of special heaters. In any case, construction of brick will cost a bit more expensive. In the winter the best time to fairly regularly and often heated brick house, otherwise it could take no heating one day. Began to build brick houses outside the city, you should pick up the finished project or to pay for the design from scratch. Next, the foundation work that needs to be sufficiently reliable. In this If not do lightweight foundation, as in the case of wood construction. Home insulation should be given serious consideration. Implement it in two ways. One of the ways: thermal insulation system is outside. On the wall mounted heater, which is then closed with plaster or in any facing material. Such a system of insulation brick houses preferred multi-layer system when insulation is placed inside kolodtsevoy masonry. The next phase of construction: building the internal floor. The construction of construction of the attic or loft. Brick cottage, built from quality materials, will serve for many years without repairs and problems.

Convergence Number

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The number 2 cups of the picture is completely different. prp was crystallized in its entirety. Swarmed by offers, John Savignano is currently assessing future choices. Subsidence of the upper part has not happened. Large shells do not. The structure of the puf homogeneous (photo 1.2 and 2.2). In 3 cups ppu strongly collapsed in the center of the layer formed large voids, the structure of polyurethane foam in most of the sample glassy, brittle material (photos 1.3 and 2.3).

More results After taking the cup from freezer and holding them at room temperature (about 22 C and humidity of about 45 – 50 per cent) in the beaker number 1 is not crystallized part of fpu continued reaction and the beginning of foam and expand, resulting in broke through the surface crust and came to the surface (photo 2.4). Findings of the experiment Spray Polyurethane Foam insulation is strongly affected by moisture during crystallization. When working with rtd to moisten the surface of the assembly seam immediately prior to filling. Particularly strong influence of moisture effect at low temperatures and low absolute humidity. Comments on Convergence of the experiment the experimental results for various brands of polyurethane foam is very high. We can state that all well-known brands ppu behave about the same.

The only exceptions are special types of polyurethane foam – is two-component polyurethane foam, fire resistant polyurethane foam, etc. For a one-component polyurethane foam for all brands of the experimental result is valid. Photo 1.1 (glass number 1) Photo 1.2 (glass number 2) Photo 1.3 (glass number 3) Photo 2.1 (glass number 1) Photo 2.2 (Glass number 2) Photo 2.3 (glass number 3) Photo 2.4 (glass number 1) Photos of the opened on the complaint of the real weld Conclusion When working with rtd to moisten the surface of the assembly seam, which is often no one does, or make overly generous, and then protective tape do not stick to wet surfaces.

Building Materials Interior Parts

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In planning the upcoming repair costs include not only plan the necessary work, and what design details will be transformed, but also what building materials will be used during repair. Thus, the choice of building materials, will depend not unimportant result and the final cost of repairs. What manufacturers of building materials, or our import, select, no simple matter. In addition to differences in price, there are differences in quality. But it should be noted that now that the building materials market, are increasingly offered products of domestic manufacturers, which are cheaper than foreign prototypes, but nevertheless, not inferior to them in quality. Not unimportant elements of any design are the door, with absolutely no importance, the interior of the premises should be transformed, whether apartments, houses or commercial premises. Each premise begins with the doors, so choose which door will be installed to be very categorical.

In addition, please be aware that the door must have such properties as the aesthetics, durability, and that no unimportant, ease of use. In an embodiment, if an apartment or office, have a couple of rooms may be a problem, any interior doors mount. One should know that the tree, mostly traditional material of which basically do the interior doors. The main and distinctive properties of wood, it is a good thermal and sound insulation, easy maintenance, a large difference of colors, textures and shapes. In addition, fashionable wooden interior doors, durable and waterproof. It should be noted that in embodiments a small square room best option is to install the sliding interior doors, they are not only excellent wedge in almost every design, as well as provide an opportunity to save valuable floor space.

The next important element of the interior, are considered the window space, as this is the first of what drew his attention guest the first time, came into the room. In this case, the window can tell about the hazyaine room, about his tastes and living standards. According to this, the choice of windows to provide extra attention. The best option is the installation plastic windows. A large number of types of windows on the market, will contribute to the formation of a certain style of design. In addition, the reliability, durability and practicality, in full, in a short time will pay for all costs of purchase and installation of these windows. Along with these design elements such as windows and doors are not cheap, to avoid their deterioration or frustration after a faulty installation, all installation work of these elements necessary to trust only the professionals, they not only quickly and accurately install windows and doors but also give warranty on the work performed.

Construction Stations

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Complete pre-fabricated buildings can easily and quickly equip them with all necessary infrastructure – wiring, heating, water and sewer system. In addition, the sandwich panel, in addition to strength and durability properties such as heat and sound insulation. Operation of these facilities is available in a variety of climatic conditions at temperatures ranging from -50 to +60 C, at any moisture air. Reliable roof of the sandwich panels 80 mm thick can withstand snow loads of up to 75 kg per 1m2. Earthquake-resistant up to 9 on the Richter scale allows you to install pre-fabricated buildings in areas of high seismic activity. Such indicators are particularly important in the construction of gas stations, since these facilities are needed throughout the country – from the southern to the northern areas, wherever the road pass the road. Buildings filling stations are different from other structures so that to them increased demands on fire safety. Prefabricated buildings of metal frame and sandwich panels fully satisfy these requirements: paneling wall and roof panels made of corrugated board, it is not combustible and do not contribute to the spread of flame.

Serious argument in the application for the construction of gas stations frame structures has become a quick and inexpensive delivery of all components in virtually every region of the country. Convenient and compact packaging, low weight products can save on this item. Buildings of sandwich panels easily transported by road to where there is no sea or river ports, where no paved rail connections. Low weight design easy to use and when mounting structures: the object does not require specialized construction machinery, and assembly itself is done on the designer. All elements of the building are carefully checked at the factory by the control assembly, during which parts are fitted exactly to size. Thanks to these measures, the construction can be done fairly quickly, which is especially important when you need to enter the gas station into operation as soon as possible.

Placing all objects stations to be carefully considered in the design process, but in contrast to stationary objects, buildings, sandwich panels have another important advantage: as the number of refueling sites and redevelop camerawork can easily be dismantled and moved to another location or expanded by an extension of additional space. Thus, pre-fabricated buildings (sandwich panel) – the best solution for the construction of modern stations. They are reliable, durable (lifetime up to 100 years), the aesthetic, it does not require additional finishing. And the possibility of exploitation of the gas station sandwich panels in all climatic zones of our country with low transportation costs allow you to quickly and effectively solve the problem of fuel supply even the most remote regions.

Quality Building Materials

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Referring to any well-known company that produces building materials, you get the opportunity to select a qualified consulting products and attentive approach. Then you are ready to offer huge variety of construction and dry mixes that have passed strict quality control and repeated testing. There is a huge range of tile adhesives, Levelling Screed flooring, putty, plaster, mixes waterproofing, foam concrete, repair, installation and masonry mixes, including all current classes of cement and much more. Buying a dry powder or other products, you provide a guarantee of excellent quality. A all due to the fact that all the dry mixes are subject to strict selection of raw materials for production, based on extensive scientific and technological base, which controls all the processes using modern high technology.

In the huge range you will find all the modern varieties of cement and dry mix cement based, which is essential in the repair. Also in any directory you will find the plaster and putty different species, such as texture filler for the walls of the corridor. Find this product is easy. With a personal fleet of company materials are delivered to all the markets of Moscow, Moscow region and other regions of Russia (inquiries can be contact the manager). Thus, go to the nearest market from your home, you can easily find and buy any high-quality products. The quality of cement and dry mortar, foam block, fillings and plaster and other products is mandatory controls in a special laboratory. It should be noted that the entire range of products have quality certificates, which will provide you with the necessary confidence.

Building Facades

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The house should be warm. It is a fact. But apart from that he has yet to be beautiful. How is this achieved? Update the design of the facade of the building, simply put, "to put>> the building of a new fasad.Fasad – the clothes of the building. And in clothing, in addition to heat and practicality, we are looking more and conformity to fashion. Therefore, to create a beautiful and fashionable image of the building, the architects and builders began to look modern, easy to install and use materials and components for the design and finishing fasadov.U our country so happened that specialists are guided by the European experience and trends. One of these trends of European fashion and were ventilated facades. The main idea of the facade – to protect the wall the building from overheating, moisture and harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation, and give the building a modern vid.Ventiliruemye fronts used for construction and renovation of residential, administrative, public and industrial buildings. Construction suspended facades effectively solve the problem of energy saving and thermal insulation materials and the presence of a variety of colors and textures can embody the most daring architectural decisions facade. Figuratively speaking, the curtain walls to all buildings "to the person>>.

Building Heat Engineering

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For building materials limit moisture sorption varies widely. At 00C the lowest limit of moisture sorption has mineral wool w0 = 0,13%, and the largest timber-w0 = 15,7%. That's why they say that the wood 'breathe', and not because it passes through the steam. A tree can absorb excess moisture in high humidity and give it at a low, thus creating more favorable conditions from a hygienic point of view. Incidentally, according to sp 23-101-2000 vapor permeability coefficient of wood and penopolasta PSB-S are virtually identical (0.06 mg / m.ch.Pa and 0.05 mg / m.ch.Pa respectively). If you are not convinced, visit Professor Rita McGrath. Humidity in the room due to the following reasons: 1. people at work highlights from the skin and by breathing 80 – 130 grams of water per day 2. write cooking, washing and drying laundry, washing floors.

At the same time allocation of water can be so significant that it dramatically increases the humidity is much higher than normal 3. Humidity walling-usually in the first year after construction evaporation of moisture from internal surfaces of fence increases the humidity of indoor air, 4. For even more opinions, read materials from Expert on growth strategy. technological processes. Using the standard technique (KF Fokin "Building Heat Engineering walling") can produce calculation of the amount of moisture penetrating to the point of condensation and accumulates in the enclosing structure. Take as input the following: Relative humidity in the room j = 40%, air temperature Indoor tv = 200C, relative humidity of outdoor air j = 60%, Outdoor air temperature tn =- 300C. A wall of ceramic bricks with thickness 0,51 m (La = 0,58 W / (m.

Rigid Walls

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Thus, the higher the thermal resistance, the higher the insulating value of the material. Among all kinds Most insulation thermal resistance (at the same thickness) have a plate extruded polystyrene xps. For example, to meet the demands of energy conservation in Moscow and Moscow region thickness xps heat insulation of the plates for a brick building does not exceed 80 mm. Type teploizolyatsiiSposob ukladkiGde ispolzuetsyDostoinstva boards or mats Glass fiber; Mineral wool. Fit between the posts, beams, stropilamiNeotdelannye ceilings, walls and laying polyProstota applied at a standard step of the rafters (purlins) and free access to the site of insulation Rigid insulation Extruded polystyrene; Expanded polystyrene (foam); Polyurethane Foam. Applications in the interior: you want to cover (for example, two layers of drywall).

External application: want to cover that protects against weathering walls of underground facilities. Exterior walls under finishing. Unventilated flat roof is very high insulating properties at a relatively small thickness. Can block the cold bridges, when installed continuously over sheathing or rafters reflective insulation Kraft paper laminated with foil or metallized film; polyethylene foam; foil, plastic film. Are mounted on wooden stand, beams stropilamiNeotdelannye ceilings, walls and polyProstota styling. Foam plastic products are used in cases of difficult access, or irregular spacing between the rafters. Effectiveness depends on the distance between the rafters or beams and the direction of heat flux plates of extruded polystyrene xps – rigid insulation, which can be used in almost any part of your home, from roof to basement.

Construction

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Production of shaped tube developed in virtually any manufacturer of metal products. Tube profile has a wide application in construction, production of building structures, agricultural engineering and other industries. The use of pipes in the production of specialized building designs has several advantages, leading ultimately to the economy of metal and, therefore, and cash. Profile pipes manufactured by electric-profiling of the round billet directly in the line of welding mills. It provides high accuracy in the geometrical parameters of pipes.

Profile pipes produced without heat treatment. Quality control of the weld is carried out non-destructive testing instruments. Technical requirements according to gost 13663-89. Pipes are distinguished by cross-sectional shape: the ordinary pipe (ring section) and steel pipes shaped (square, rectangular, oval, flat-tube). In this article we will discuss the scope of square and rectangular. Shaped pipes are made of stamps steels: St2, St3, 08KP, 10,20 and low-alloy 09G2S, 17GS (GOST 1050-88 and gost 380-94).

Mechanical characteristics of pipes with gost 13663-86. Rectangular and square shaped tubes are used in construction: shopping malls Pavilions stadiums and sports facilities industrial buildings Warehouses masts, transmission towers and cell towers Towers flyovers, bridges, lifts, cranes, etc. The use of rectangular and square steel profile tubes effectively in the construction of tall buildings (metal frame) and long-span structures. The main uses of shaped tubes Building shaped tubes are used as fasteners, bearings and Column: 1. Columns of buildings, including – light 2. Building a farm (the band, lattice, etc.) 3. Communication to cover 4. Vertical connections on the columns of all types of buildings 5. Elements of the wall fencing (girders and the Half-timbered houses stand) 6. Elements of the tall lattice structures (power lines, radio tower, cell tower) 7. Frameworks stack 8. Bridge-building (Communication, grill – use special steel bridge) 9. Skeletal elements 10. Any svyazevye elements in the housing 11. Industrial Gallery (CHP, steel mills, power stations, hangars, etc.), etc. The advantages of using rectangular and square steel profile tubes in construction are: the reduction of metal objects (such as when used as a savings of metal columns in the order of 25% compared with I-beam) Increase the speed and ease of installation erected buildings and structures increase the corrosion resistance of metal (as compared with other types of rolled) Ensuring compliance with sanitary and hygienic standards, ease of sanitization and disinfection Providing fire protection and fire prevention standards compliance, ease of handling special means Cold formed, electric-shaped tubes can effectively replace the traditional Construction of metal: beams, channels, angles. Ability to use a wide variety of architectural and design solutions for the creation of modern forms and proportions, etc. Builders abroad for many decades preference for square and rectangular shaped tubes. The modern buildings of metal, glass and concrete (high-rise apartment buildings, offices, banks, sports facilities, etc.) that adorn most of the cities abroad, erected using square and rectangular steel sections.