Tag environment

The Pneumatic Collection

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What is the pneumatic collection? Given the alarming situation in which the cities of the serious problems of pollution that cause accumulation and Solid Waste (MSW), pneumatic waste collection is presented as one of the most effective and innovative alternative in our country. To recall, the generation of MSW in Spain has doubled in less than ten years, from 12 million in 1991 to 26.5 million in 2000, as recorded by Greenpeace in a report. REBNY will not settle for partial explanations. The first Spanish experience in pneumatic waste collection took place at the Olympic Village in Barcelona.

Installed in 1990, this system is intended to cover the waste collection needs of housing for Olympians. The sample municipalities have followed Barcelona Leganes and Palma de Mallorca. The last city to implement it has been Vitoria. He did it last year, serving about 10,000 people and an annual collection of 2.3 million kilos. Unlike the Spanish case, where its presence is still limited, these facilities are more popular in the rest of Europe, perhaps because in countries like Sweden have been operating for twenty years. The choice of pneumatic waste collection is particularly attractive in the case of older urban areas.

Citizens living in the old town or a city described as Heritage of Humanity is facing a serious problem of how to collect your garbage? First, the installation of containers in these homes causes “aesthetic pollution”, according to municipal sources, and, secondly, in many places because of the narrowness of the streets, is problematic placement of the containers and their subsequent collection given the lack of access by garbage trucks.

Copenhagen

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This jargon that already started to be common in our Portuguese language with certainty has, as many others, its origins in the agricultural way. Who works with cattle bovine, when separating the bezerrada one in the corral, here it is perceives that exactly of bucho full the year-old calf bawls for tetas of its mother (by the way exactly with the full milk mouth it continues to bawl), there the origin of this principle. The reading friend can be finding the heading of this strange our article, that we use to call attention a very important subject and interest of all, of all exactly, of transnational interest of the race human being. I would like to make some comments on a controversy that has that to be called to a reflection for the fact to be in approaching to 15. Additional information is available at Professor Rita McGrath. Conference of the Parts on Clima (COP-15) that it will be carried through in next December, in Copenhagen, in the Denmark whose the Brazilian government until the present date, not yet arquitetou its proposal of reduction of gases that generate the effect greenhouse to be presented. In studies that I come carrying through it has two years on the conflict between economic development and ambient protection, I arrived at some conclusions (many already known, but only studied inside of sciences in separated) that it would like to display, so that together, let us can arrive at a consensus. The farming activity (cattle agriculture and) is without a doubt the one that more causes impacts in the environment, what it would be against-sense to admit the opposite because the base of all the substance cousin, not only from the sector in prominence, comes directly from the natural resources or is even closely on they. Perhaps in against departure, differently of the industrial sector of transformation (with exception of the agroindstrias), the farming segment is the only one that into the bulge of its diverse areas they can transform the ambient protection in net profits, that is, the taxation of the costs for ambient preservation can be transformed into a real increase of the profitability, if to take them in account the relation to me cost/benefit for its in the wide (total extensive system), forest fires, and productive practical others are some examples of this stubbornness profligate.

Mrcio Lacerda

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According to AMORIM (2007), in the year of 2003, the quarter Belvedere III counted on 80% of constructed area and 90% of its busy apartments. The paper of the transformation of the confused effective legislaes, was conditional to a large extent for the interests of the real estate sector that turn the possibility great expansion in a busy area for a population of high income. 3.ZONEAMENTO URBAN: HISTORICAL CONTEXTUALIZAO In accordance with the presented picture to follow, is possible to analyze the evolution of the legislation, also the most recent Project of Law n 820, of 2009, already approved for the Chamber of Councilmen of Belo Horizonte, but not yet sancionada for the current mayor of Belo Horizonte, Mrcio Lacerda. In this Project of Law, will have been considered the possibility of use of the instrument of the Onerous Grant of the Right To construct? ODC or of the Transference of the Right To construct? TDC, will have a significant increase in the ZP3, having been able the exploitation coefficient to reach 1,8 times the area of the land, against the 1,5 of the current legislation, and the coefficient of up to 8,0 times and in Zona Especial (ZE), destined regions uses of special relevance in the urban structure, in which the residential use is forbidden, where the exploitation coefficient can arrive the 8 times the area of the land. Description of the Law of Use and Occupation of the Alone Legislation/UrbansticoLei Parameter n 4034/1985Aprovao 05/12/88 Belvedere III Decree n 6690/1990Lei n 7166/1996Lei n 8137/2000Projeto Law n 820/09 2010 ZoneamentoZEUZR2; ZR4; ZR4B; ZC3ZR2; 6 ZC1 and SE1ZP3ZP3ZEZP3ZE ADEXXADE 6 Belvedere IIIADE 6 Belvedere IIIADE Belvedere III Coefficient of aproveitamentoX0,8 4,5 (to see annexes law 4034/85) 0,8 (to see annexes the 4,5 law 4034/85) 1,51,5Sujeito the 8 legislation especfica1,5 1,8Max = the 100%40 Tax of ocupaoX40 the 100%50%50%Sujeito the legislation especficX Tax of permeabilidadeXxX30%30%Sujeito the 7166 legislation especfica30%Anexo VI Source: Lygia Prota (2010); Available city hall of Belo Horizonte in < 4.IMPACTOS AMBIENT AND ITS EVOLUTION Considering the description of the presented occupation front to the non-observance of the current law in the ambient context and of mentioned urban zoning as previously, the decurrent ambient impacts of the occupation of the region of Belvedere III have been contemplated in studies specific and suggested on the basis of the evolution of the disordered occupation. .

National Politics

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This gains consistency analyzing the data of the INPE of the month of September in what to say respect to the focos of forest fires, where if it observes that the champion in number of focos of forest fires is the state of the Mato Grosso with the amazing one number of 15421 focos, followed for the Tocantins with the number of 7514, and in what same states say respect to this data since the beginning of the year the numbers in these until the moment is of 28880 and 14883 respectively. Fact that calls the attention in what the sample says respect that the climate comes signaling of that it meets in a preoccupying situation. What it comes being done in favor of a worthier environment in the future. It had the approval in Brazil of the law for solid residues, in day 02.08.2010 it was sancionada by president Luiz Incio Lula da Silva in the National Politics of Solid Residues, that pautou for performance mechanism the establishment of rules for the collect of used packings, incentive the industry of the recycling and, finally and main it forbids ' ' lixes' ' the opened sky, also forbids the importation of any type of residue. From this new law if it makes use of an important step in direction to the adjusted destination, to the treatment and the recycling of the solid residues that the 150 a thousand tons per day arrive.

Being thus, president Lula affirmed in its speech of presentation of the law that: ' ' The adoption of a national law to discipline the adequate handling of the solid residues is a revolution in ambient terms. It organizes a series of instruments that were dispersed without, however, to lose of focus the main question, that he is social' '. E, still, ' ' Its bigger merit is the inclusion of workers and damaged workers who had been forgotten and for the public power.

Health Sciences

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The access the balanced feeding and of quality is basic for the survival and quality of life of any human being, this information is known has times and guaranteed, in the terms of the law, for the federal constitution. However, the logistic one of this guarantee not yet was consolidated, although its treatment in the scientific field and of the governmental politics. For sciences of the health the question involves related aspects the quality of life of the individuals and the feeding, already economic sciences relate the alimentary security with the new neomalthusianas theories, agronmicas sciences assuntam for the involved technology in the field and the theoreticians of the agricultural development deal with a question to production and distribution foods. Already the governmental politics if restrict the mitigatrias measures with programs as Hunger Zero that, saved its objective of income distribution and foods for those Brazilians in situation of extreme misery, it is still one compensatory and without any objective and clearly factual populist politics of social change. The combat the hunger is more than what one assistencialista politics of distruio of foods, since the urgent necessity of a program as Hunger Zero is resulted of one me the distribution of income and not of foods much less of its production, thus understands that the problem of the alimentary unreliability is in the macroeconomic plan of the neoliberal governmental politics, imposed successively, any that is the party in the power, since the question of the not dumb hunger of four in four years. One real public politics of alimentary security involves the access to the food by means of its distribution those in situation of economic and social shortage at a first moment and a program of assistance and support to the small agriculturist, who is in fact who guarantees the production of strategical agricultural products, today and historically, opposing the propaganda of the segment of the agronegcio and of maintenance of the large state.

The food production for agriculture peasant is bigger, most distribuida and diversified, beyond obeying the natural and productive cycles of the land; according to census of the IBGE of 2010, 40% of the Brazilian farming production comes of the small property, that 24% of lands only withhold, without arguing details as the quality of lands peasants and the large state, access on instalments and the acceptation, to the assistance technique and creation of jobs in the field. Thus, if associate to one medium and long term economic policy of assistance makes necessary the establishment of one emergencial politics the small agriculture and the agrarian reform, that the setting of the man in the land, the maintenance of agriculture peasant and the distribution of producing nuclei in all the country would provide deciding the problem of access the land and to the food. The establishment of one public politics of combat in agreement hunger the proposal is also one politics ecologically sustainable, that it refutes the status quo, exculpatory and ecologically predatory based in the great real property, that superexplores the hand of workmanship in the field, it monopolizes the natural resources and the economy of great regions in Brazil. Thus, the constitution of an ecological and socially sustainable State must primar for the increase of the quality of life of its by means of an agriculture that conciliates agricultural strategical food production for agriculture associated peasant the preservation of the natural resources and not for the increase of the productivity in not-ecological molds restricted the rockings of productivity under the ambient and social degradation.