Madeira Island is located about 580 km from the African coast, approximately 400 km to the North of Tenerife. Despite its small size, 58 km long by 23 miles wide, reaches a high altitude (the highest peak of Madeira, Pico Ruivo, has 1862m and Cabo Girao is the second highest cliff in the world). This altitude and the volcanic origin of the island of Madeira make there are no beaches. However there are several natural swimming pools formed in volcanic rocks, where you can enjoy the beautiful Atlantic waters that bathe the shores. Madeira is characterised by its dense and varied vegetation, which highlights its laurisilva forests, declared world heritage by UNESCO in 1999. This, along with the mixture of coastal and mountainous landscape, makes this island paradise for hiking. You can find many marked routes for excursions of all levels.
Madeira enjoys a mild subtropical climate characterized by hot summers but without making too much heat and very mild winters. The average temperature in summer is around the 22 C and 16 C in winter. The temperature of the water in its coasts ranges from 18 C in winter to 22 C in summer. Funchal has an even more benign microclimate that makes while it is raining in the nearby mountains, make Sun on the coast line. In any case, in winter the climate is highly variable and can change very quickly. Mornings tend to leave clear and clouds which descend from the mountains will gradually covering the sky. All Madeira’s activities are organized tourism-oriented and it is difficult to enjoy it on their own. From transport around the island up to the Organization of activities such as diving or rental of canoes seems exclusive the big resorts that crammed Madeira.