These discrepancies make impracticable the consensus as for the agreement of the object and of the methods of inquiry of this it disciplines. This caused the sociological chain sprouting different, which the author still cites and makes one brief communication in this related item of some of these. Now breaking for the item ' ' Chapter third: Desenvolvimento' ' , the author approaches the question of sociology as science that has focus in the distanciamento of bourgeoisie of its initial project of equality and fraternity nailed in the French Revolution and that each time more acted of form less liberal conservative and, using frequent repressive and ideological resources to guarantee the domination power. Social sciences had passed, then, to be used in the construction of the knowledge condizente the necessities of the dominant ones. Sociology also, to a large extent, started to have a character of tool of maintenance of the domination relations. Logically, determined critical pursuings of sociology, over all the influenced ones for the socialist thought, had remained guiding objects and the research of some sociologists. However, this sociology of critical intention, in good part, was ignored in the half left academic and to the edges for the research justinian codes. Of more including form, sciences, or the branches of each science, that received support and institucional incentive at this time was those capable ones to reproduce interests of the dominant ones.
I finish it item of the workmanship ' ' What it is sociology? ' ' , of Martins, ' is the item; ' Indications for leitura' ' , that it demonstrates the concern of the author with the readers interested in giving to continuity to the sociology studies, indicating to them some authors and books that approach such thematic one. The workmanship of Carlos Benedict Martins configures in a platform of initiation/introduction to sociology. With a simple and objective language, without extreme terms technician, its reading flows of course and it does not have great problems of understanding. It is a species of ' ' invitation to sociologia' ' , therefore the information are repassed so softly that they finish despertando the curiosity to know the subject more than. A possible imperfection, only, is in the deepening and in the great space that the author dedicates to some sociologists and philosophers, lingering itself excessively in its thoughts, in its ideologies, when it was enough that they were cited.