The access the balanced feeding and of quality is basic for the survival and quality of life of any human being, this information is known has times and guaranteed, in the terms of the law, for the federal constitution. However, the logistic one of this guarantee not yet was consolidated, although its treatment in the scientific field and of the governmental politics. For sciences of the health the question involves related aspects the quality of life of the individuals and the feeding, already economic sciences relate the alimentary security with the new neomalthusianas theories, agronmicas sciences assuntam for the involved technology in the field and the theoreticians of the agricultural development deal with a question to production and distribution foods. Already the governmental politics if restrict the mitigatrias measures with programs as Hunger Zero that, saved its objective of income distribution and foods for those Brazilians in situation of extreme misery, it is still one compensatory and without any objective and clearly factual populist politics of social change. The combat the hunger is more than what one assistencialista politics of distruio of foods, since the urgent necessity of a program as Hunger Zero is resulted of one me the distribution of income and not of foods much less of its production, thus understands that the problem of the alimentary unreliability is in the macroeconomic plan of the neoliberal governmental politics, imposed successively, any that is the party in the power, since the question of the not dumb hunger of four in four years. One real public politics of alimentary security involves the access to the food by means of its distribution those in situation of economic and social shortage at a first moment and a program of assistance and support to the small agriculturist, who is in fact who guarantees the production of strategical agricultural products, today and historically, opposing the propaganda of the segment of the agronegcio and of maintenance of the large state.
The food production for agriculture peasant is bigger, most distribuida and diversified, beyond obeying the natural and productive cycles of the land; according to census of the IBGE of 2010, 40% of the Brazilian farming production comes of the small property, that 24% of lands only withhold, without arguing details as the quality of lands peasants and the large state, access on instalments and the acceptation, to the assistance technique and creation of jobs in the field. Thus, if associate to one medium and long term economic policy of assistance makes necessary the establishment of one emergencial politics the small agriculture and the agrarian reform, that the setting of the man in the land, the maintenance of agriculture peasant and the distribution of producing nuclei in all the country would provide deciding the problem of access the land and to the food. The establishment of one public politics of combat in agreement hunger the proposal is also one politics ecologically sustainable, that it refutes the status quo, exculpatory and ecologically predatory based in the great real property, that superexplores the hand of workmanship in the field, it monopolizes the natural resources and the economy of great regions in Brazil. Thus, the constitution of an ecological and socially sustainable State must primar for the increase of the quality of life of its by means of an agriculture that conciliates agricultural strategical food production for agriculture associated peasant the preservation of the natural resources and not for the increase of the productivity in not-ecological molds restricted the rockings of productivity under the ambient and social degradation.