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Health Sciences

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The access the balanced feeding and of quality is basic for the survival and quality of life of any human being, this information is known has times and guaranteed, in the terms of the law, for the federal constitution. However, the logistic one of this guarantee not yet was consolidated, although its treatment in the scientific field and of the governmental politics. For sciences of the health the question involves related aspects the quality of life of the individuals and the feeding, already economic sciences relate the alimentary security with the new neomalthusianas theories, agronmicas sciences assuntam for the involved technology in the field and the theoreticians of the agricultural development deal with a question to production and distribution foods. Already the governmental politics if restrict the mitigatrias measures with programs as Hunger Zero that, saved its objective of income distribution and foods for those Brazilians in situation of extreme misery, it is still one compensatory and without any objective and clearly factual populist politics of social change. The combat the hunger is more than what one assistencialista politics of distruio of foods, since the urgent necessity of a program as Hunger Zero is resulted of one me the distribution of income and not of foods much less of its production, thus understands that the problem of the alimentary unreliability is in the macroeconomic plan of the neoliberal governmental politics, imposed successively, any that is the party in the power, since the question of the not dumb hunger of four in four years. One real public politics of alimentary security involves the access to the food by means of its distribution those in situation of economic and social shortage at a first moment and a program of assistance and support to the small agriculturist, who is in fact who guarantees the production of strategical agricultural products, today and historically, opposing the propaganda of the segment of the agronegcio and of maintenance of the large state.

The food production for agriculture peasant is bigger, most distribuida and diversified, beyond obeying the natural and productive cycles of the land; according to census of the IBGE of 2010, 40% of the Brazilian farming production comes of the small property, that 24% of lands only withhold, without arguing details as the quality of lands peasants and the large state, access on instalments and the acceptation, to the assistance technique and creation of jobs in the field. Thus, if associate to one medium and long term economic policy of assistance makes necessary the establishment of one emergencial politics the small agriculture and the agrarian reform, that the setting of the man in the land, the maintenance of agriculture peasant and the distribution of producing nuclei in all the country would provide deciding the problem of access the land and to the food. The establishment of one public politics of combat in agreement hunger the proposal is also one politics ecologically sustainable, that it refutes the status quo, exculpatory and ecologically predatory based in the great real property, that superexplores the hand of workmanship in the field, it monopolizes the natural resources and the economy of great regions in Brazil. Thus, the constitution of an ecological and socially sustainable State must primar for the increase of the quality of life of its by means of an agriculture that conciliates agricultural strategical food production for agriculture associated peasant the preservation of the natural resources and not for the increase of the productivity in not-ecological molds restricted the rockings of productivity under the ambient and social degradation.

Home Heating

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Periodically turning off the heating element and including that in turn supports desired temperature in the room. Equipped with some instances of a fan for fast heat in the room. In addition, the heaters have a good security system: shut down, if there is an obstacle to Release the air in the fall, and in contact with the heating element outside predmetov.Teplovye fan heaters, as heaters are available with closed and open spiral. In order to quickly warm room, using forced air circulation. Accelerate the heat transfer of air fans axial (eg, fans Innovent firms) that do not require large heating elements and as a consequence of this are small. When you save power and at the same time opportunities for small size is an open spiral, which become heated to high temperatures.

Large temperature gradients, convection currents in premises, all fees for heating rate and the compactness of the unit. Available in models with removable filter, which is responsible for the misses on a hot dust spiral. Many heaters have multiple speeds and heating levels. It is also possible to use the device in automatic mode, thanks to the thermostat. Overheating sensor is used to disconnect from the network in case of critical temperature, which is responsible security appliance.

There are models with rotation and tilt housing, with stand and legs. In summer, turn off the heating if it is possible to use as a regular ventilyator.Teplovye guns Heat guns, these are the same heaters, only great power. They are used to heat large buildings: sheds, greenhouses, garages, and are used outdoors. Heat gun with a closed coil can be used indoors without ventilation or poor. Produced heat gun and an open spiral. Required electrical network capable of supporting a large capacity. Such models are not recommended for use in areas where people are a lot of time. Also, the gun can be equipped with a thermostat to protect against damage, overheating and vibratsiy.Teplovye curtains Air curtains on the basis of his work similar to the heat guns and fan heaters. Due to the flow of narrowcasting air creates a barrier to the penetration of cold air from the street. The veil also protects the building from falling into the smoke, dust, insects, along with air and various zapahov.Maslyanye Radiators Oil Coolers are not very high temperature of its surface, up to 80 degrees. As a result, do not dry the air and on this parameter are in first place among all the heaters, but have very large dimensions. So before you do choice in favor of the oil cooler, consider its location. Oil heaters have different design and capacity. Electrical Safety – off overheating and overturning. As with all heaters, has heat setting – a timer that allows you to work the radiator program.

Latest Security Systems: Radio-wave Detectors

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'My home – my castle' – is a saying in the course of the English. Surely, the world would find a man who would not want to protect their "nest" the most reliably. During the existence of mankind people have come up with a lot of ways of Defence housing. This complex system of locks and sturdy metal doors, fences and inaccessible. However, without doubt, to date, remain the most advanced technical means of, namely the perimeter alarm. Perimeter security systems are distinguished by the fact that given an opportunity to fix the fact of threats before they enter the house. Often, they are mounted to the fence that protects your possessions. Perimeter security signaling is highly sensitive and, therefore, can not guarantee that an attacker will be noticed and neutralized in time.

However, some specific means of detection should be chosen? For a start, it should be say that all means of detection can be divided into species such as radio-wave detector, vibration system, infrared sensor and radioluchevaya system. Vibration sensor, in turn, pinpoint certain sound vibrations. A special system distinguishes the background noise, and vibration alarm detector is triggered only when an attacker trying to penetrate the zascheschennuyu territory. The detectors are infrared security also deserve your attention. There are several types of such signaling, but the most famous are the detectors are passive infrared sensor which reacts to heat, that is, animals and people. That relatively radioluchevyh detectors, then the principle of their operation is based on the processing of microwave signals. This kind of alarm system is designed to determine the motion of an object.

Consequently, the sensors are mounted radioluchevye so that alleged robber they could "see". Usually they can be found on special poles or fences, buildings. Detectors are made radio-wave security of wires between them formed a field. If an object falls into the beyond the field, the system will be served an alarm signal. Now you know enough to find the right system for you, good luck!

Design Of Modern Kitchens

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Kitchen Design kitchen in the apartment or house is not much different, except that the only area of the premises. There are basic styles for the kitchen: traditional (classic) and contemporary (modern), but the faces that divide them, very conventional. K trendy kitchen design direction is made in the style of 'High Tech' and 'minimalism'. The design of these kitchens predominant material of metal and glass. To create a kitchen design needs to be properly thought-out plan. The main goal of the owner should be comfort and high functionality, where each item in a kitchen interior design is not just convenient, but is optimal in terms of its use. There are six types of kitchen layouts: one line, two lines, L-shaped (angular), U-shaped (in the form of a rectangular trapezoid), and two combined – the so-called "kitchen island" and "kitchen peninsula".

Let's look at each of the species in detail, to any situation to try to achieve maximum comfort. Kitchen Design in a line This kitchen design is intended for one or two people and is established under conditions of very limited space. The working area in the design such kitchens is half the entire area of the kitchen so if you decide to combine the kitchen with a dining room, install a sliding or folding dining table, otherwise the zone of passage is too small. The same layout can be used in a multi-purpose room, "kitchen-dining-living room" – in this case, all the kitchen furniture will be placed in one side of the room, while the other will be used for meals and rest. Kitchen Design in two LINE Disposition of this kitchen is compact and easy if you decide to opt for this variant, the most rational distribution – stove and sink on one side, fridge and cupboards on the other. Optimal the distance between the opposing lines of cuisine is not less than 1.2 meters. This plan assumes the presence of movable tables and dining room.

Kitchen Design L-PLANNING This angular option is the most successful in terms of creating a convenient work triangle. With such a layout of kitchen appliances and furniture placed along two walls of Tender and the table is placed, without prejudice to the access area. This option is suitable for almost all cuisines, other than narrow. See Apartment Kitchen Design Design U-PLANNING This is perhaps the best design layout for the kitchen, it is very convenient and safe as kitchen appliances and furniture are located along three walls. There is no through traffic. There is no through traffic. To design the kitchen a large area or kitchen and dining area suitable combination scheme:: corner work area plus – a continuation of the line – perpendicular delivered Fold or dining table. In Kitchen Dining short perpendicular line divides the working table and dining areas. You can use the U-layout and design of a small kitchen (5-8 sq. M), provided that the distance between the ends get at least 1,5-2 meters. "KITCHEN-Peninsula" and "Kitchen Island" Kitchen Design "island" and "Peninsula" is only suitable for large kitchen (16 square meters. M). "Kitchen Island" includes a corner or U-shaped model with an extra working surface in the middle. This plan looks very elegant, but requires a carefully thought-out constructive plan and design to avoid unforeseen inconveniences.

Home Furnishings

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If this solution does not fit, it is proposed by fixing material to establish a small distance from the wall a large mirror and use it as a cover behind which will accommodate hanger with clothes and shoes. If you are not too closely, instead of a single cabinet can accommodate several individual pieces of furniture: shoe cabinets, standing coat rack for coats, ottoman for pereobuvaniya. The layout of individual items of furniture in the hallway can be different: a straight line (linear) – in the form of a small wall, corner – with the obligatory presence of the angular element, free, or unfixed. If the size and financial capacity allows, you can buy a set of furniture, offered in furniture showrooms. Usually it consists of one or Bivalve the cabinet, hangers, shelves for hats, shoe cabinets, chest of drawers and mirror above.

Also in the hall should provide seat – a stool, ottoman or bench. Picking up furniture, we will not forget that it must comply with style solution hallway and vestibule itself – the whole house. The materials in the manufacture of furniture for the hallways are commonly used modern particleboard, MDF and other plates with coating of natural veneer and polymers, laminates and melamine. It is clear that this furniture is unlikely to look good in an apartment furnished with expensive furniture, cabinet, solid wood. Here will suit the more expensive models furniture for the hallways.

Anyone not satisfied with the presence of furniture in the hallway, can hang on the walls of the shelf for hats, hooks for bags and a mirror. Hallways are often equipped with various devices for Storage-specific 'street' of things: zontoderzhatelyami, "Karaman" for gloves, trays for small items, hooks, shelves, etc. Wall shelves for hats are fastened directly to the wall, practically does not take place and therefore easy to use. It is worth noting that many of these ceilings extend into the kitchen, kitchen design that gives a new breath. Bottom, they can be equipped with hooks for clothes, being both hangers. The market offers the set of products made from different materials (glass, wood, chrome, steel) and quite original in design decisions.

Inheritance and Property

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Creditors may put forward their claims within the time limitation. Prior to accepting the inheritance, they can be made executor of the will or available at the estate. Recall that the general limitation period is three years. And it is not subject to interruption, suspension or recovery. No circumstances are not good reason for delaying the return of the debt, which passed by inheritance. What is the procedure? If, during the partition of the inheritance disputes arise about who is owed the heirs, you should remember about pre-emptive right some of them on certain property. For example, if the heir and the testator had the right to the common ownership of an apartment or other indivisible thing, that the heir has a preferential right to receive specified things on account of his hereditary share. And regardless of whether the use of the property other heirs.

The same applies to the heir, who always enjoyed an indivisible thing, which is part of inheritance. In the division of property it has a preferential right to receive on account of its share in this thing before other heirs, who have not used it or were not parties to the common ownership of it. If the The estate includes a house or apartment, part of which is not possible, the heir, who lived in this room on the day of opening of the inheritance and has no other housing in the section have a preferential right to of the premises on account of his inheritance.

Arched Doors: Unique Home Style

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Materials and decoration of arched doors variety of materials of construction for the arched doors, their types, the possibility of making arched interior doors made to measure – the undoubted advantages that open wide space for creativity in designing interior design apartment or house. A special luxury arched doorways, and hence the room in which they are installed, attach a variety of elements of decoration: carving, stained glass, tinted glass, much more. Decor arched doors, however, as well as the type and shape of the arch is determined solely by the preferences of the customer, should be mindful of the need to match decor elements the overall interior design of the room. So, in an apartment, decorated in Art Nouveau style, in harmony will look arches made of wood, decorated with painted bends, a home, decorated in the style of hi-tech, appropriate decorative elements will be the same style. Very interesting technique in which the arched door drape decorative fabrics: in addition to the aesthetic function of such tissue is also closing a doorway, providing a conventional isolation rooms. Receptions decorating arches these days there are so many, they are all together the ability to significantly increase the artistic value of doorways and rooms in tselom.Osnovnye variety of arched doors Arched doorways may be round or arched shape. Arches with a circular loop, in turn, are divided into the following types: classic: the most common type, characterized by the correct radius of the arc arch, elliptical: the type, wherein the arc design of the arch in the form of an ellipse, "modern": arc arch is made with enthusiasm, "romance": the central part of the arc – straight, the angles – rounded with a certain radius.

The Heating

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Besides radiators from this material quickly respond to queries iron thermostat settings. Modern aluminum battery is well maintained and hydraulic shocks. A to protect them from corrosion must attach to the steel-aluminum radiator heat conductors with galvanized or cast iron reducers. Bimetal radiators have aluminum casing and steel pipe, according to which moves coolant. As instruments of aluminum, they have a high heat transfer, characterized by high corrosion resistance and ability to withstand high pressure. I live on 5 floors. Radiators are almost always Warm slightly, although the neighbors below – everything is in order. Why is this happening? Most likely this is due to pressure, which in the heating system of apartment house may be not only high but also low.

In the latter case it leads to less efficient operation of the radiators. Simply put, they are worse than warm. Why is this happening? The volume of heat given room heaters, depends not only on the temperature of the coolant, but the number of entering the water device. In turn, the amount of water that can be passed through tubing to the device, independent of the circulating pressure causes water to move through the tube. In this case, the water meets resistance caused by its friction on the pipe walls, and apart from them yet, and local resistance, which include elbows, tees, crosses, etc. In the heating system can be used as a natural circulation of water and forced (requires a circulation pump). Possibility of a second way – much more.

Gas Boilers

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This type of gas boilers, most preferably at a power of 100 kW because: It is cheaper than the boiler burner with fan less noisy in a wider range when the pressure of gas in the pipeline. Cheaper ekspluatatsiiOsobo focus on changing the gas pressure at the inlet to the boiler, as not all boilers with atmospheric burners behave identically at low pressure. Learn at which a minimum pressure of the boiler can be run in those. description or from the manufacturer. In our experience, low-pressure boilers work best Sime. Approximate calculation of boiler house equipment depending on the area can be found here. Diesel boilers (boilers for liquid fuel) for domestic use where there is no natural (main) gas as the coolant used diesel fuel. Diesel fuel is expensive, about the maximum hourly diesel fuel consumption service.

Approximate calculation of boiler house equipment depending on the area you can see better zdes.Kakoy boiler steel or cast iron? Speaking of iron and steel boilers, household products, each of They have their pluses and minuses. Let's start with the advantages of cast iron boilers. Cast iron burner has virtually unlimited service life. Cast iron boiler – it is always a sectional design. In the event of an accident can only be replaced defective sections, and not the entire pot.

Another advantage – it's a high corrosion resistance of cast iron. It's no secret that the iron is such an interesting property – it is covered from top to dry rust, corrosion and further practically does not go. Another advantage of the cast-iron cauldron – the possibility of low-temperature operation, which allows achieving a higher degree of comfort and efficiency of the entire system otopleniya.Stalnye boilers also have their advantages. To begin with, the steel pot is always easier to cast. For this reason he deshevle.Teper about the shortcomings of cast iron boilers. Cast iron does not have such elasticity as steel, can not tolerate large temperature differences. How to determine the necessary capacity of the heating system? Correctly determine the necessary power and type of equipment, piping diagram, additional automation can only be a specialist. Therefore, the most sure way to make a calculation – contact the office. For a rough estimate on 100sq.m. heated area to 10kW of power. Boiler rooms differ from each other. Approximate calculation of boiler house equipment according to on the area you can see the type of boiler zdes.Opredelivshis can proceed to the selection of a specific brand (manufacturer). On the market today there are several dozen producers and here everyone chooses for its criteria – price, quality, size, color, country of origin, the advice of friends …. every seller (manager) in the shop 'prove' to you, that is better than what he sells – does not exist! Is it really?

Housing Step

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Among the waiting, which have embarked on a housing allowance of up to 1 March 2005, interest in for compensation of housing programs funded and growing as the opportunity provided by this category of citizens, can not wait for the approach of social housing, and use their savings to purchase housing through subsidies, or installment payment of social mortgage. This is motivated by the desire to accelerate the solution of the waiting list the housing issue through the use of accumulated funds, instead of having to wait in 15-20 years approach their turn. Only in the west of the capital last year, such programs have chosen 800 families waiting. But compensatory government programs involve a number of limitations. For example, now living areas waiting list are offered in suburban towns – Podolsk Chekhov, Lyubertsy and Mytischi. And the prospect of an apartment from the state in the mass building in the suburbs and not all are satisfied. Waiting list, have taken the housing allowance of up to 1 March 2005, is particularly convenient to participate in the program "Housing move ', because they are able to obtain from the state subsidy for the purchase of an apartment, which is one of the most attractive forms of assistance, and to choose the apartment and area of residence.

The program "Housing move 'will carry an interest-free financing the purchase, fix prices and create favorable conditions for further calculation. Benefits of participation in the program "Housing step" for both categories are waiting in the fact that the program makes it possible to stay profitable, thanks to the accumulated funds for the entire period waiting in the queue for social housing. This allows us today to improve their living conditions and thus be able to better the further accumulation of funds. These funds can be used to participate in one of onerous government programs (for the category 1 waiting list) or a home purchase in installments without% on the program "Housing Step" (both categories). In this case the family is not removed from the housing account and lives in improved conditions, while remaining in the queue for social housing. The program also allows participants to choose the apartment and area of residence. The program "Housing move" offers the opportunity to stay in the waiting normal conditions, while continuing to be on the books in anticipation of social housing. In this program participants over time also have the opportunity to solve their housing problem, thanks to interest-free Financing for the purchase and favorable conditions of residence.