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Student Housing

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The struggle for affordable housing through the suspension of conscription and double Abitur year course flow as many students as never before in the German universities. In the academic year 2009/2010, 2.1 million students at German universities and FHs were enrolled and over the next three years, this number should increase to 2.3 million. But not only in the classroom is in the future. The Internet portal myimmo.de reported as parallel to the increasing numbers of student also the affordable, student housing is becoming increasingly scarce. German student unions offer in Germany approximately 181,000 residential places.

The remaining two million students must look elsewhere in their university towns for a roof over their heads. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from Robert J. Shiller. Depending on the load of the apartment market, students have it different hard to rent a cheap apartment. Since the majority of their species according to the 19 social survey of the German student unions monthly on average only about 812 euro available, the agent for student living are relatively small. Cheap and close to the Centre housing is therefore much sought after. Given the increasing enrolment numbers, this is always sparse but especially in University cities such as Munich and Jena. Due to high demand, the student living increasingly become a lucrative investment, is already traded in the real estate industry as a new asset class. Particularly residential providers will benefit from the rising student numbers. Essential for student residences is the proximity to the University or college. In addition to the amount of the rental costs, this is a most important decision criterion for students in the choice of new accommodation.

Chinese Buildings

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Shanghai. It is hard to imagine how this modest fishing village of Yangzte River mouth has grown into the largest city in China and the eighth largest in the world. And it has also become the pride of China for many other reasons: to be a great and progressive city with a proud and glorious past. It is an epicenter for art and culture as well as for trade. Moreover, this cosmopolitan city has much to offer the curious tourists and has become a popular destination among travelers from the East. For those unfamiliar with this city, And why not take a chronological approach to sample sites with the history of Shanghai? Part One: Empire Period – Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD.) In the area of Puxi (west of river), visit Yuyuan, a private garden of Ming traditional style built in 1559 and opened in 1961. You will find rock gardens, cloisters, pavilions, corridors, ponds and many scenic spots.

Second part: thirties Visit the Bund (Wai Tan), whose streets are dominated by European architecture. This area was the commercial and financial district of Shanghai and in it were placed government buildings and foreign companies. Scroll through the French Concession, a neighborhood full of houses shikumen, art-deco buildings, cafes and shops. The city's hedonistic past is evident in the many colonial-style buildings. If you really want to know what is going shopping in Shanghai, nothing beats the Nanjing Road. Part Three: XXI Century Cross Huangpu River to reach Pudong and find the Wall Street of China. If you want to enjoy a spectacular view of the city from above, climb the Tower of Oriental Pearl, one of the tallest buildings in the world. There is an extensive choice of hotels in Shanghai, as well as an endless array of dining options from the rich food from street stalls of Wujiang Road to the elite and expensive restaurants in Xintiandi. In China many traditional festivals are held and, if those who prefer to get the heart of Chinese culture, it might be a good idea to plan your trip to coincide with any of these events. However, avoid the Spring Festival (Chinese New Year), held in February, as most of the sites close. For more information, visit the official website of Shanghai.

Building A Computer

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A man who faced the necessity to build a computer can get into the hands of a great many secondary literature. The main thing I realized: impeccable build quality and computer depends on experience and on time that it is possible to devote to it. The main thing about building a computer. Master is responsible. Nobel Laureate in Economics helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. Tips on the site.

Central issues in assembling a computer. Central points: 1). Determine the requirements of the future computer. Comment: – A computer that is necessary for the implementation of the basic functions conferred on the computer – a computer, which is necessary for the implementation of a set of professional challenges that require serious computational capabilities (design, installation, etc.) – a gaming computer. So called computers, which are really "imprisoned" by the latest games that require serious resources to process all the moments that are realized in gameplay.

2). Find the components of the future computer, in other words to determine the composition. Composition of the computer system unit (Hardware): drive (drive) – a set of sense (in parallel) Video Card – imagination (in man) Hard drive (the person we used to call it a long memory, Culler (in man is a function of getting rid of excess heat energy heat transfer) Housing (in parallel with a man is his body, which is visual result of the union, and the terms of all systems) Motherboard mainboard (in parallels with humans are central nervous system) cpu – the brain (in person) psu – in parallel with a man circulatory system, etc. Memory (in parallels with the man is a fast memory, so that helps us in exams when you need here and now, as something to remember, and after we get rid from this information) with the luggage of such knowledge, know, do not get confused. You are not going to build your choice in the abstract, as yet unexplained features of each of the components of the computer. Finally, to practice! Computer gaming: I will say at once, with the development of gaming software industry, hardware and development of computer technology has been a steady so-called "tug of war." The main element in the computer gaming – video card. Here, all depends on your capabilities, high-quality video will reveal all the gaming experience. At the present stage of the top as an option can be a set of models GTS200 firm nvidia. Home or office computer with a standard set of features: a minimal set of components with average characteristics. Computer with additional professional goals: exacting design elements increases, and the emphasis on the processor.

Quality Building Materials

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Referring to any well-known company that produces building materials, you get the opportunity to select a qualified consulting products and attentive approach. Then you are ready to offer huge variety of construction and dry mixes that have passed strict quality control and repeated testing. There is a huge range of tile adhesives, Levelling Screed flooring, putty, plaster, mixes waterproofing, foam concrete, repair, installation and masonry mixes, including all current classes of cement and much more. Buying a dry powder or other products, you provide a guarantee of excellent quality. A all due to the fact that all the dry mixes are subject to strict selection of raw materials for production, based on extensive scientific and technological base, which controls all the processes using modern high technology.

In the huge range you will find all the modern varieties of cement and dry mix cement based, which is essential in the repair. Also in any directory you will find the plaster and putty different species, such as texture filler for the walls of the corridor. Find this product is easy. With a personal fleet of company materials are delivered to all the markets of Moscow, Moscow region and other regions of Russia (inquiries can be contact the manager). Thus, go to the nearest market from your home, you can easily find and buy any high-quality products. The quality of cement and dry mortar, foam block, fillings and plaster and other products is mandatory controls in a special laboratory. It should be noted that the entire range of products have quality certificates, which will provide you with the necessary confidence.

The First Building

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The first building was in this place was a fortress with a central tower built in the thirteenth century by Birger Jarl to defend Lake M laren. The fortress grew into a palace, called (Three Crowns “) in honor of the needles of the central tower. In the late sixteenth century, there were many works to transform the old fortress into a Renaissance palace under the reign of King John III. In 1690, it was decided to rebuild the palace in Baroque style after a design by Nicodemus Tessin the Younger. In 1692, work began on the north. It was completed in 1697, but much of the palace collapsed due to a fire on May 7, 1697. The palace was rebuilt by Nicodemus Tessin the Younger, with wings shaped semicircle around the western courtyard completed in 1734, the palace church completed in the 1740s, and the exterior finished in 1754.The royal family moved into the palace that had already completed construction of the wings west, southeast and northwest. The northwest wing was finished in 1760. In the north, Lejonbacken ( “Slope of the lion”) was built between 1824 and 1830. Its name comes from the sculptures in the form of a lion in there. The palace is protected by H gvakten, the royal guard consisting of members of the Swedish armed forces. This guard dates from the early sixteenth century.

Building Materials

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Looking into the past, we can follow that with time, with the development of science and technology, there are all new and new building materials and technologies. Add to your understanding with Stephen M. Ross. The famous engineer, architect Eiffel, to realize their own, in fact, a unique project that showed people the earth with a bird's eye and the sky above big cities with skyscrapers pierced the tower of glass and concrete. However, despite all this, even today in the xxi century, the century of computer technologies and Multilevel Information Systems, a tree, like many thousands of years ago, has found application as a unique building material – laminated veneer lumber and laminated beams. I'm sure many even ever heard of these construction materials, but hardly anyone thought about the question: 'And what is the best laminated veneer lumber as compared to conventional wood? ". Resort to the help of expert opinion and, above all, look at what is called laminated veneer lumber.

That's what gives us the definition of the project Glossariy.ru: 'Multi-laminated timber – carrying a constructive element, made of wooden planks, glued together in parallel to the grain. " In other words, laminated board created by gluing wooden slats (design elements) with special adhesives so that the fiber slats arranged alternately in different directions. This is primarily provides strength and reliability of construction materials, as well as eliminates the 'pasting' timber by physical or isothermal exposures. Despite the fact that the building materials made of laminated wood appeared long enough in Russia, they began to gain its popularity only in the last 3-4 years. In Western countries and in Europe a lot of people prefer wooden houses from glued beams rather than "boxes" of glass and concrete. I'd like to hope that our country is in the future, too, will become a trend. Because overseas comfort of your home, and even more home from laminated veneer lumber, environmentally friendly building material – it symbol of security and prestige. Today, it is difficult to talk about any accurate forecasts for the construction of wooden houses in Russia, but it is already clear that the industry simply is growing at a frantic pace, the annual turnover companies multiplied several times, but as always critically-minded experts, in this case, predicting the market of construction materials from laminated veneer lumber 4-carat growth already this year.

Building Materials

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Therefore, when selecting materials for the bathroom and exterior of buildings should take a more dense varieties of marble. Pattern pattern – a matter of taste of the future owner marble finishes. However, we must remember that the plates with soft flowing lines are more appropriate for recreational facilities, but the offices and halls shone special luxury, if the marble will have a large pattern or original color blotches. Color of the stone largely affect the well-being and mood, so try to choose the colors and shades that will not bore you. Warm yellow or pink tones help make the room more bright and cozy, the green will relax, the red will set up an active working mood, and light gray or white will make your home look like a real palace. The use of marble in the interior of marble used for decoration bathrooms, kitchens, corridors, halls. Floor slabs, wall panels, window sills and countertops made of this material allow to give the interior refinement and originality.

However, all this can only be achieved if the treatment natural stone professionals involved. Availability of quality materials, modern equipment and highly skilled professionals can realize any fantasy of the customer and provide excellent results. As care for natural marble marble Care is simple, if you know how to do it right. In the first place on a clean polished product should be applied to the protective waxy coating that prevents contamination of the stone. But it is not exempt from regular wet cleaning of marble.

Building Materials

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Silicate, production of which began several decades ago, are used much less frequently. A size standard brick is single – 250h120h65 mm sesquialteral – 250x120x88 mm and double- – 250h120h138 mm (ceramic stone), the shape – rectangular, profile, angular with chamfered corners, etc. Professor Rita McGrath insists that this is the case. A brick can be solid and hollow (perforated or multislit) with through-and dead-end cavities. In hollow Brick weight less, so its use reduces the load on the foundation. In addition, thermal hollow products better, so the wall thickness can be less.

Even better, heat-shielding properties of the so-called efficient brick with porous ceramic crocks. And the sound it absorbs better than usual corpulent. Mostly average density of this product allows to produce an enlarged bricks and stones and large-scale blocks rauf, porotherm, which are hollow-core construction. Their size is several times larger than the single brick (for example, the dimensions are equal to 15F 510h250h219 mm), but at the same rate less than the average density of 1,000 kg/m3 and strength 10-15 MPa. The main producers of ceramic bricks and stone, and their suppliers to the domestic market are the company 'Ceramics, "Kerma" Golitsyn, Karasevsky ceramic factories, Kudinovsky Plant, Ryazan, Bryansk and other brick plants; ABC-Klinkergruppe, aka Ziegelgruppe, Bernhard and RoBEN (Germany); Wienerberger as (Austria), CRH-Klinker and EKO-Klinker (Poland), ao Lode (Latvia); silicate – Kovrov, Bor lime plant , Pavlovsky Plant of Building Materials; maksit (Finland) and other silicate Brick pales by comparison with the ceramic. Its density is higher and, consequently, heat-insulating properties worse. It is hygroscopic, so the frost resistance, and durability it is lower than that of ceramic, but the lower and value.

Building Facades

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The house should be warm. It is a fact. But apart from that he has yet to be beautiful. How is this achieved? Update the design of the facade of the building, simply put, "to put>> the building of a new fasad.Fasad – the clothes of the building. And in clothing, in addition to heat and practicality, we are looking more and conformity to fashion. Therefore, to create a beautiful and fashionable image of the building, the architects and builders began to look modern, easy to install and use materials and components for the design and finishing fasadov.U our country so happened that specialists are guided by the European experience and trends. One of these trends of European fashion and were ventilated facades. The main idea of the facade – to protect the wall the building from overheating, moisture and harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation, and give the building a modern vid.Ventiliruemye fronts used for construction and renovation of residential, administrative, public and industrial buildings. Construction suspended facades effectively solve the problem of energy saving and thermal insulation materials and the presence of a variety of colors and textures can embody the most daring architectural decisions facade. Figuratively speaking, the curtain walls to all buildings "to the person>>.

Building Heat Engineering

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For building materials limit moisture sorption varies widely. At 00C the lowest limit of moisture sorption has mineral wool w0 = 0,13%, and the largest timber-w0 = 15,7%. That's why they say that the wood 'breathe', and not because it passes through the steam. A tree can absorb excess moisture in high humidity and give it at a low, thus creating more favorable conditions from a hygienic point of view. Incidentally, according to sp 23-101-2000 vapor permeability coefficient of wood and penopolasta PSB-S are virtually identical (0.06 mg / m.ch.Pa and 0.05 mg / m.ch.Pa respectively). If you are not convinced, visit Professor Rita McGrath. Humidity in the room due to the following reasons: 1. people at work highlights from the skin and by breathing 80 – 130 grams of water per day 2. write cooking, washing and drying laundry, washing floors.

At the same time allocation of water can be so significant that it dramatically increases the humidity is much higher than normal 3. Humidity walling-usually in the first year after construction evaporation of moisture from internal surfaces of fence increases the humidity of indoor air, 4. For even more opinions, read materials from Expert on growth strategy. technological processes. Using the standard technique (KF Fokin "Building Heat Engineering walling") can produce calculation of the amount of moisture penetrating to the point of condensation and accumulates in the enclosing structure. Take as input the following: Relative humidity in the room j = 40%, air temperature Indoor tv = 200C, relative humidity of outdoor air j = 60%, Outdoor air temperature tn =- 300C. A wall of ceramic bricks with thickness 0,51 m (La = 0,58 W / (m.