Economy fishing is the most important activity and main source of income; with large installed capacity for capture, processing, and marketing. Employs 11,800 people in capture and other 325 were dedicated to aquaculture. It provides 70 percent of the State’s total fisheries production, being the main species caught, sardines, shrimp and squid. It has 175 miles of coastline where form bays important as the Guaymas, Lobos, San Carlos and la Herradura. The municipality has more than 83% of the springs that operate in the State. The fleet is composed of 359 boats shrimp, 32 sardineras, 3 escameras and 910 small, for a total of 1,304 boats. Agriculture develops in a total area of 42,291 hectares, of which 22,000 hectares are located in the Yaqui communities and the Valley of Guaymas has 17,296 hectares of irrigation and 2,995 hectares of moisture or temporary. The main crops are: wheat, soy, safflower, corn, cotton and some vegetables and fruits such as watermelon and pumpkin.
Livestock in the livestock, cattle with 72,875 heads is the most important, followed by exploitation of goats with 20,088 bellies, birds and others minor species. The fishing industry plant industry consists of 5 Canners, 8 coalminers and 12 freezers, all located in the port of Guaymas. Further details can be found at Robert J. Shiller, an internet resource. Likewise, in the port of Guaymas, operate 4 maquiladoras, of which 2 are the branch of electronic components, one dress and other automotive components. There are 32 companies that are dedicated to the building of homes and real estate in general and another 10 to the construction and repair of boats in the construction industry. History the Bay of Guaymas, was territory dominated by the Guaimas, Seris and Yaqui tribes.
It was discovered in 1539, and in 1701 the missionaries Eusebio Kino and Jose Ma. Salvatierra begin to maintain the Jesuit missions of San Jose de Guaymas. Attacked constantly and without being able to conquer the Bay, the Spaniards launched a military operation of greater force, ordered by the viceroy Marques de Crois, finally achieving in 1769 conquer and decreed the foundation of Guaymas. In 1811 authorizing the maritime commercial traffic in the port; in 1814 courts Spanish inhabited it for domestic trade, in 1823 is set the maritime Customs and in 1825 was granted category of municipality. During almost an entire century the port was developed as a strategic point for supply missions, military invasions and pirate attacks. Commercial activities were driven by the maritime traffic giving recognition of deep-sea port in 1837. On July 13, 1854 General Jose Ma. Yanez heads to Buenos Aires in defense of Guaymas and national integrity, defeating the French filibuster count Gaston Rousset de Boulbon who sought to take possession of Guaymas. On July 13, 1859 is granted the title of city; in 1862 the local Congress decreed the city of Guaymas referred to hereinafter Guaymas de Zaragoza. During the 20th century large projects developed in port facilities, and home a strong impetus for the nautical and commercial industry in the area creating fishing fleets, docks, warehouses and tax courtyards. The naval area, participated in the most important investments PEMEX and the Secretary of the Navy. 1972 Sets the shipping route to the city of Santa Rosalia, BC. with the construction of the pier for ferries and in the same year concluded the work of the Industrial Park fishing Sanchez Taboada focus to one of the largest fleets of the Mexican Pacific coast.